Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

Treatment Options for Hammertoe

Hammertoe, a condition where one or more toes bend abnormally at the middle joint, resembling a hammer, can result from various causes. One major factor is ill-fitting footwear, especially shoes with a tight toe box or high heels, forcing toes into a bent position and causing muscle imbalances. Individuals with longer toes, flat feet, or bunions are more susceptible, as are those with a family history of the condition. Hammertoe symptoms include toe deformity, pain, calluses, swelling, and difficulty in walking. Diagnosis involves a physical exam and X-rays, and treatment options depend on toe flexibility. In early stages, nonsurgical approaches like proper footwear, exercises, and splints can help. Surgery may be necessary if the toe becomes rigid. Early intervention is essential to manage hammertoe effectively. If you have a hammertoe that is causing you discomfort, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for the best treatment option for you.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Wendy L. Grossman, DPM from New Jersey. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Bloomfield, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?

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